One of the most persistent, and usually most embarrassing skin issues, whether you’re 14 or 40, is acne. Most people will have been challenged by the combination of skin infection and blemishes that comes with this skin condition at least once in their lifetime. If you’re one of the lucky few who was able to keep their skin acne-free for decades then, you wouldn’t be browsing for treatments for acne, would you?

“Why Do I Have Acne?”

There are many reasons that are pretty much consistent whether you get this condition during your adolescence or post-menopause. It’s important that you recognize the top triggers before you can even pin down the proper treatment that suits your skin. Here’s why you’re acne challenged:

1.  Hormonal dips and spikes. Hormonal acne is the most notorious kind in leaving behind dark, acne scars and marks. The underlying course is the overproduction of male hormones which makes your skin oilier than normal thus, making your skin more prone to bacterial infection and proliferation. This is the underlying cause for both adult acne and teen acne

2. Product irritation. Skin experts are alluding to the high prevalence of acne to harsh cosmetics and personal care products. This reason is blamed as well to the growing number of people who are claiming that they have hypersensitive skin. In most cases, it’s not really the skin type that is causing sensitivity but, the harsh products in their regimen.

3. Chronic stress and sleeplessness. The extent of skin damage due to the combination of these two factors cannot be ignored, add to that the negative impact that these factors cause your health. Your hormones go haywire, causing irregularities in your appetite, digestion, skin synthesis, and sebum production, to name a few. The compromised immune response further aggravates your acne problem. Needless to say, you need to get rid of stress to get rid of acne

4. Hygiene, diet, smoking, and other lifestyle choices. Acne can signal irregularities or, dysfunctions in your body functions, immunity being a top concern. A poor diet which restricts the number of essential nutrients that you are obtaining and that your body is able to absorb can lead to multiple health problems. Smoking not only clogs your pores but also weakens your skin fibers and your immune response

5. Exposure to polluted environments. Toxins and bacteria suspended in the atmosphere clogs and infects your pores. It can be hard to avoid pollution if you are an urban dweller but, you have to try. Antioxidants in your skincare products will also help defend your skin.

“How Can I Treat Acne?”

Treatment begins by addressing the five causes listed above. You can’t exclusively turn to medicated ointments and prescription drugs to clear your acne. You need to make significant adjustments to what you eat, how much sleep you get, what products you use, how you’re managing stress — and this is just the start. Whether you are dealing with a mild, moderate or severe case of acne, it is best that you consult with your skin care specialist before you treat acne because agitating your skin is the last thing that you want to do. Besides, another major factor you should consider is lessening the probability of leaving acne marks and blemishes on your skin.

Here are the top acne treatments you need to know whether it is teen acne or adult acne that you are dealing with:

1. Benzoyl Peroxide. Almost a given to any course of treatment for acne, this solution can be bought over-the-counter (OTC). Most cases of acne will either clear out or lessen in intensity with the proper and regular application. Benzoyl peroxide is also typically found infused in cleansers and moisturizers designed for acne-prone skin.

2. Salicylic Acid. Simply because all skin types, including sensitive and acne-prone skin types, require regular exfoliation. salicylic acid is a must to help clear your acne. A major advantage of this beta hydroxy acid (BHA) is that it not only sloughs off the dead and damaged layers of your skin but also, along with it, strips off acne-causing bacteria while simultaneously regulating sebum production to prevent future bacterial infestation.

3. Birth control pills. Typically prescribed for hormonal acne, these pills help normalize hormonal levels to prevent excessive sebum production. This course of treatment will also help improve other conditions involving reproductive health, such as endometriosis.

4. Topical antibiotics. Erythromycin and clindamycin are typically prescribed when antibiotics become necessary. These are infused in skin creams and ointments. Erythromycin works by stopping the further growth of bacteria while clindamycin works by wiping out acne bacteria. These antibiotics are commonly combined with oral medications as well as with benzoyl peroxide.

5. Tretinoin. Available by prescription only, Vitamin A topical creams that contain this solution help draw out bacteria, and eliminate dead skin cells and infected skin layers. Moreover, it also enhances the penetration of topical acne treatments prescribed to you. Tretinoin is usually prescribed for more severe cases of acne because of it is associated with side effects, including thinning out the skin.

6. Epiduo. You can think of this topical treatment solution as a cross between your benzoyl peroxide solution and a tretinoin cream.  Epiduo contains Adapalene which contains Vitamin A. In effect, this course of treatment enhances skin turnover while getting rid of acne-causing bacteria.

7. Blue Light and Red Light Therapy. This is the non-invasive clinical procedure you need to boost the health of your acne-challenged skin. Blue light kills acne-causing bacteria by as much as 99.99 percent while red light helps relieve inflamed skin to take out the swelling. It is not unusual for these therapies to be combined with a professional chemical peel for faster skin healing from acne.


Acne may be a common skin sighting but, it does not have to be you, not even when you have the extremely oily skin you need to deal with. There are ways to improve your skin health and clear your acne problem once and for all. All you really need to do is to implement changes in the way you work, live and play but also, to work more closely with your skin care specialist to determine the proper combination of treatments that works best for your skin.

About The Author:

Emma Stewart is a skincare and health expert. She has dedicated her career to redefining the meaning of beauty and she likes to write articles on skincare and health care so that she can share useful information with the people. Emma has established herself as the go-to Expert for all things in beauty and health.

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